You are here: Support » Who's Who Glossary


Who's Who Glossary

You hear all these names when receiving letters, What do they mean and who are they?


Advanced practice nurses (APN) - An advanced practice nurse is an RN who has taken additional training beyond nursing school. At minimum, APNs have a college degree and a master's degree in nursing.

Audiologist - Specialist in hearing problems

Audiometrician - Member of the school health team to check children hearing, they carry out hearing test and review children hearing problems

Allergist - These doctors help in treating different kinds of allergies and immune system disorders like hay fever, asthma, etc.


Cardiologist - A cardiologist is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating heart or blood vessel problems.

Child & Adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) - Specialise in helping children with mental health issues, you can be refereed by a GP or contact them direct

Child life specialist - Child life specialists offer comfort and the chance to talk about feelings. They're great resources for helping you manage any emotions, like stress and anxiety, while you're in the hospital. A child life specialist can help you deal with everything from getting blood drawn to missing school. They also help patients cope with a diagnosis of a serious illness. Child life specialists may also have training in social work.

Children's community nursing team - Provide direct nursing care who rely on technical support to stay at home

Clinical child Physiologist -treat emotional and behavioural problems

Clinical nurse specialist (CNS) - A clinical nurse specialist provides a wide range of care in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, private offices, and community health centers. A CNS has been licensed in nursing, has a master's degree, and often works in administration, education, or research.

Community dentist - have additional skills in treating children with special needs they can also do home visits when appropriate

Community mental health worker - work with children with emotional or mental health can work at home or in school, any service should be able to refer you

Community paediatrician / health doctor, child development centre, health clinic, school home visits

Community service pharmacist - Ensuring that pharmacy services are provided to community health care units

Consultant - Specialist qualifications in particular area of medicine or sugary

Consultant community paediatrician - Coordinate the care of children with learning difficulties

Consultant in rehabilitative medicine - A specialist with knowledge in artificial limbs, specialist seating, wheelchairs and enviormental control systems.

Continence nurse - Work with bladder or bowel problems


Doctor on call - Your doctor can't work all the time. The doctor on call is a physician who covers weekends, evenings, and other shifts when your doctor can't be there. Doctors on call are there to answer questions and cover emergencies.

Dietitian - Help with dietary needs

Dermatologist - A dermatologist studies the skin, its structure, functions, and diseases, as well as its appendages (nails, hair, sweat glands) and treats the related ailments

Dentist - Perhaps one of the most feared doctors of all is the dentist due to their tooth extraction habits! These doctors are concerned with dental health, teeth and dental problems like cavities and bleeding gums. They treat gum diseases, straighten teeth, carry out root canals, etc.


Epidemiologist: Epidemiologist are the doctors who are also known as disease detective's. They carry out study of diseases and come up with ways of prevention of diseases through vaccinations, etc.

ENT specialists - An ENT specialist treats the Ear, the Nose and the Throat, as well as to some extent some ailments of the head and the neck. This field is also known as otolaryngology.

Emergency Doctors - Emergency doctors are those who offer their services in the emergency room (ER) and are on call 24/7. They treat various emergency cases that vary from poisoning, broken bones, burns, heart attack, and anything and everything that can be termed as a medical emergency

Fellow - A fellow has completed medical school and residency training, and is getting additional training in a particular specialty, such as heart surgery or kidney problems

Family Practitioner - These are your friendly neighborhood doctors who are general physicians, and treat patients of all ages and medical non-emergency conditions usually in a clinic


Gastroenterologist  - This type of doctor specializes in problems with digestion and diseases of the esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, and intestines.

General practition - Family doctor

Geriatrician - These are doctors who specialize in treatment of the diseases and health problems related to geriatric, that is, older people or old age related problems

Gynecologists - The doctor who studies and treats diseases of the female reproductive system


Health visitor - Work with children under 5, also keep in contact with older children with a learning disability

Health educator - This specialist works as part of a medical team, teaching patients about a particular health condition and how to manage it. Health educators are trained and certified. They often specialize in a particular field, such as diabetes or asthma

Hematologist. - A hematologist is a doctor who specializes in blood disorders.

Hepatologist: A hepatologist studies and treats diseases of the liver


Immunologist - The doctor who studies all aspects of the immune system in all organisms and gives treatment to diseases of the immune system

  • Infectious Disease Specialists - The doctors who study and treat diseases that are caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites, and are usually based within the hospital. These doctors are involved in a lot of research work.
  • Internal Medicine Specialists -These doctors provide diagnosis, management and nonsurgical treatment of unusual or serious diseases and are usually found working in hospitals as intensivists.
  • Internists - These doctors focus on adult medicine and have completed a special study related to the prevention and treatment of adult diseases.
  • L

    Licensed practical nurse (LPN) - LPNs provide basic care. They help patients with tasks like bathing, changing wound dressings, and taking vital signs. An LPN has at least 1 year of training in this kind of care and must be licensed to practice


    Medical student - Medical students (who are training to be doctors) usually spend the first 2 years of medical school in the classroom and the last 2 years seeing patients in a hospital setting.

  • Medical Geneticist - A medical geneticist is the doctor that carries out studies, tests, treatments and counseling patients with genetic diseases.
  • Microbiologists - A microbiologist studies causes, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases.
  • N

    Nutritionist - A nutritionist (also called a dietitian) plans meals for patients based on their medical condition and needs. A nutritionist might also provide dietary guidance for kids to help them after they leave the hospital.

    Nurse practitioner (NP) - A nurse practitioner has additional training in a particular area, such as family practice or pediatrics. NPs often take a person's medical history, do the initial physical exam, perform some tests and procedures, write prescriptions, and treat minor illnesses and injuries. NPs have a master's degree and board certification in their specialty. They are licensed by the state in which they work

    Nephrologist - A nephrologist is a doctor who diagnoses and treats kidney problems.

    Neurologist -This type of doctor specializes in brain and nervous system disorders.

    Neurophysiology's - They are doctors who diagnose conditions and disorders affecting the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous system. The neurophysiology's carries out clinical evaluations and conducts electrophysiologic testing to diagnose the underlying conditions.

    Neurosurgeon - These are surgeons who treat central and peripheral nervous system diseases that can be cured or controlled to some extent with mechanical intervention


    Obstetrician - This is a part of gynecology and the doctors are experts with childbirth, C-sections, gynecological surgeries like hysterectomy, surgical removal of ovarian tumors, examination of the pelvic region, PAP smears, prenatal care, etc.

    Oncologist - An oncologist is a doctor who specializes in treating cancer.

    Otolaryngologist - This doctor specializes in treating ear, nose, throat, head, and neck problems.

    Occupational therapist - An occupational therapist works with people to improve coordination and motor skills. These can be skills needed to play sports, function in school, or perform routine activities, like hand-eye coordination. People in occupational therapy may be coping with conditions such as birth defects, autism, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, developmental delays, burns, amputations, or severe injuries.

    Opticians - you can ask for a home visit if you feel you need one, Glasses are no longer free but you can ask for details on the voucher scheme

    Ophthalmologist: The doctor that takes care of eyes and treats various eye problems and performs different eye surgeries

    Orthothist- Design & fit braces, callipers, footwear, support bracing of weak joints or muscles

    Orthopedic Surgeons - The doctor who is concerned with the skeletal system of the human body, that is, bones. These doctors make no bones about broken, fractured or arthritis struck bones!


    Pathologists - The study of abnormalities in living organisms, diagnosing diseases and conditions from tissue samples like blood or biopsy samples. They also work as medical examiners and carry out autopsies to determine the cause of death. These doctors usually do not come in contact with the patients directly as their work is mostly lab work. They are therefore called a doctor's doctor as they speak to doctors of the patients rather than the patient himself. There are many doctors who specialize in forensic pathology and help the police and FBI solve crimes.

    Physician assistant (PA) - A physician assistant works under the supervision of a doctor. He or she examines patients, diagnoses and treats simple illnesses, orders tests, looks at test results, provides health care counseling, assists in surgery, and writes prescriptions. Most PAs have a college degree and have completed a special 2- to 3-year training program.

    Psychiatrist - A psychiatrist is a medical doctor (M.D.) who specializes in treating emotional and behavioral problems through psychotherapy, prescribing medications, and performing some medical procedures

    Psychologist - A psychologist specializes in treating emotional and behavioral problems through psychological consultation, assessment, testing, and therapy. A psychologist is not a medical doctor, but has a doctoral degree (Ph.D. or PsyD). Pediatric psychologists at hospitals often provide prevention and treatment in helping families cope with medical diagnoses

    Pulmonologist - A pulmonologist is a doctor who concentrates on lung problems, such as asthma or cystic fibrosis

    Pharmacist - A pharmacist provides medications for patients, checks for any interactions between drugs, and works with the rest of the medical team to choose appropriate treatments. In hospitals, patients don't usually have contact with the pharmacists like you would if you were going to the drugstore

    Physical therapist - A physical therapist uses exercises, stretches, and other techniques to improve mobility, decrease pain, and reduce any disability related to illness or injury. People may need physical therapy as a result of developmental delays, injuries, long hospitalizations, or after surgery.

    Paediatricians - Specialist in all aspects of children's health and development

    Perinatologist - The doctor who is an expert in caring and treating high risk pregnancies

    Plastic Surgeon - A plastic surgeon is the doctor who can literally change the life and look of a patient. He performs cosmetic surgery to repair skin and structural problems that may alter the personality of the patient for good.

    Podiatrists - The doctor who studies and treats disorders of the foot and ankle


    Radiologists - The study of medical use of X-rays or other imaging technologies for diagnoses and treatment of disease is carried out by a radiologist

    Rheumatologist - A rheumatologist is a doctor who treats problems involving the joints, muscles, and bones, as well as auto-immune diseases. A rheumatologist treats conditions such as arthritis and lupus.

    Resident - A resident is a doctor who has graduated medical school and is now training in a specific field. Doctors spend from 3 to 7 years in residency training before receiving board certification in their specialty. Residents can care for patients in a teaching hospital, but they are supervised by attending physicians who must approve their decisions.

    Registered nurse (RN) - A registered nurse gives medication, performs small procedures such as drawing blood, and closely follows a person's condition. RNs have graduated from a nursing program and have a state license

    Respiratory therapist - A respiratory therapist evaluates, treats, and cares for people with breathing problems and heart problems that also affect the lungs.


    School nurse - Works in mainstream and special needs schools, responsible for routine check ups

    Speech & Language therapist (SALT) - Help with understanding & communication can also help with swallowing and eating

    Social worker - A social worker at a hospital focuses on improving the emotional well-being of kids and their families, and helps coordinate health care. Social workers also help with any improvements a child needs at school or at home

    Surgeon - A surgeon is a doctor who can operate on patients if it is needed. A general surgeon does lots of different types of procedures, such as taking out an appendix or fixing a hernia. There are also many specialized types of surgeons, including neurosurgeons who operate on the brain and nervous system, urologists who operate on the urinary system, and orthopedists who operate on bones and joints


    Urologists - The urologist is a doctor who studies the urinary system and treats urinary tract infections


    Volunteer - Volunteers of all ages, from high school students to retirees, donate their time to help patients in hospitals. The tasks volunteers do vary from hospital to hospital, but might include bringing games and books to patients or taking them for a walk around the hospital.







    Get Involved MENCAP
    Image 01 Image 02 Image 03 Image 04 Image 04